The second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily) and an autonomous region of Italy, Sardinia is located in the Western Mediterranean, just south of the French island of Corsica. On the island, you will find mostly rolling hills and mountains, featuring a mix of high, rocky coastlines and pristine sand beaches.
There are several micro climates in Sardinia, most falling within what would be considered a typical Mediterranean/temperate climate with more rain than average for the region. According to current evidence, people first settled the island 50,000-100,000 years ago, making it one of the first populated bodies of land in Europe. And according to a prominent local archeologist, the DNA from the long-line of Sardinian descendants is fantastically-well preserved and the oldest in the greater Mediterranean region.
The dietary aspects contributing to the longevity of the island include the famous Pecorino cheese, Cannonau wine, olive oil, wild seafood, and polyphenol-rich tomatoes.
Average life expectancy of the island is over 82 years. And Ogliastra, identified as the first Blue Zone region by famed demographer Dr. Michel Poulain, shares the highest rate of centenarians in the world, along with Okinawa, Japan.
We’ve traveled to all of the world’s Blue Zones, as first identified by Michel Poulain and featured by National Geographic in the early 2000’s, in order to launch a new investigation into the factors that contribute to exceptional health and longevity of the people who live in these unique places.
We also recently attended the Journey to 100 Conference held in Guernsey – part of the Channel Islands located off the French coast – which assembled many of the world’s leading experts on health, longevity, and chronic disease.